Salivary Gland Infections

Just as there is inflammation in the gum, there can also be inflammation in the salivary glands.

Inflammation may be due to certain factors, such as:

  • Dehydration
  • Medicines
  • Poor hygiene
  • Systematic diseases

In order to know the cause of this pathology, it is essential to identify the reason why this condition is occurring to have adequate treatment.

The salivary glands are divided into two major groups, major and minor. These belonging sections of the oral cavity are the ones that secrete saliva. This substance helps the cleaning of the mouth, serves to prepare food for the process of chewing and swallowing. The minor glands, distributed in great part of the buccal cavity, in the pharynx and the paranasal sinuses, are the ones that are in charge of secreting mucus. Diseases related to the glands include various pathologies: inflammation, infection, obstruction, autoimmune problems, among others.

Inflammatory/infection

  • Mumps- Infection of the salivary glands, which are located near the ears, with inflammation. This symptom can be seen reflected in the area of the cheeks and that when the glands are swollen, the cheeks expand, so it is very noticeable. By the other way, it can also present difficulties when chewing, headaches, loss of appetite, and fever. Nowadays, this pathology is fought with vaccination at an early age.
  • Epstein-Barr Virus- Better known as Herpes, is a virus that can be transmitted by saliva and in other cases by sexual contact, by blood or by an organ transplant. The most common symptoms are fever, swelling of the throat and lymph nodes, and oral problems.

Obstruction

  • Mucolele- It is characterized by the presence of a small lump found mainly under the tongue or on the inside of the lower lip. This is a consequence of saliva retention. The bumps tend to be transparent or bluish color so that it may have the appearance of a blister, unlike this, the mucolele there is no pain.

Autoimmune

  • Sjögren’s Syndrome- Caused by a disorder of the immune system, causing a feeling of lack of (dry) fluids in the eyes and mouth. This disease affects the mucosa and glands that produce hydration in these two parts.

Tumors

  • Pleomorphic adenoma- These tumors occur in the tissues where the parotid salivary glands are found. The size may vary, depending on the severity. It can be generated within 50 years of life and is usually more frequent in women.

The constant visits to the dentist in tijuana, are a factor of vital importance since this type of inflammations or pathologies in the salivary glands can be prevented. For the dentist to determine the type of inflammation, a physical examination will be performed to determine in which section the inflammation is found. Scanning through palpitation may tell the doctor if there is a tumor; so this procedure is vital. As mentioned, this type of disease is usually caused by poor dental hygiene, where the accumulation of oral bacteria obstructs the glands, or if this accumulation causes viruses to prolong their stay in the oral cavity, so it is crucial to place particular emphasis on cleanliness. Likewise, the consumption of liquids cleans this type of microbes, keeping the mouth hydrated and fresh.