The relationship between obesity and diabetes has been alarming for scientists and doctors to look for an alternative to counteract or slow the acceleration of type 2 mellitus. Among the diseases that lead to excess weight, one of the most worrisome is diabetes because, worldwide, it has the greatest impact on the death rate due to the risk factors caused by this condition, such as heart problems; currently a large percentage of the population has this type of disease, this may be due to different factors. We must remember that obesity is also one of the fastest growing diseases in the world, especially in developed countries.
What is diabetes?
It is an alteration in the body that causes increased blood sugar. When consuming food, the body converts it into glucose and sends it to the blood so that the insulin deposits the glucose towards the cells, when the person has diabetes there are problems in the insulin which causes the accumulation of sugar in the bloodstreams and the lack of glucose deposit in the cells. There are different types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2.
Type 2 diabetes
Contrary to type 1 diabetes, type 2 occurs in adults and sometimes in adolescents. Individuals who have this condition have problems with insulin because it doesn’t work properly, this is known as insulin resistance and this is associated with high levels of triglycerides, high blood pressure, and obesity. When this problem arises, the pancreas produces more insulin to compensate, subsequently affecting insulin production. Many can treat diabetes by eating a healthy diet, taking medications, and taking insulin injections.
There is really no specific cause that explains why type 2 diabetes appears, but there are certain factors that are related to its appearance in the body.
- Overweight and obesity
- Sedentary lifestyles
- Genetic factors
- High pressure
- High cholesterol
Obesity is growing year by year, generating in the population various diseases that endanger the lives of those who have this disease. Obesity is associated with changes in diet due to economic growth and the globalization of the food market where prevail those with high percentages of sugar, fat, and calories, by lifestyles that are focused on sedentarism and other causes.
Unfortunately, obesity is not a condition that occurs at a certain age but can arise in children and adults. In Mexico, there are official investigations that determine that the country is number one in childhood obesity and second in adult obesity.
Obesity is related to different diseases as they are:
- Musculoskeletal problems
- Heart disease
- Digestive problems
- Certain types of cancer.
Practically what causes obesity is a decrease in life expectancy and definitely an affectation in the quality of life since it not only causes physical changes but also psychological problems. One of the alternatives that exist is to undergo a surgery in which the excess of fat is eliminated; in the field of surgeries there is a diversity of procedures but one of the most effective is bariatric. It is advisable to consult with specialists in this branch for bariatric surgery Tijuana.
It is always important to lead a healthy life that involves a good diet and constant exercise to reduce the risks of diabetes and obesity.